Jul 05, 2021
The chaotic waste management in Indonesia and the low awareness of the community to manage waste will result in environmental damage. Unfortunately, Indonesia is estimated to produce 85,000 tons of waste per day with an estimated increase of 150,000 tons per day by 2025. This amount is dominated by household waste, which ranges from 60% to 75%.
Meanwhile, based on data from the Indonesia National Plastic Action Partnership released last April, every year Indonesia produces 6.8 million tons of plastic waste and 9% of it or around 620 thousand tons goes into rivers, lakes and seas. To that end, the Indonesian government has set a strategic target to reduce the amount of waste entering the oceans by 70% by 2025.
The waste problem in Indonesia has not been resolved, the problem is still complex. A total of 67.2 million tons of Indonesian waste still accumulates every year. This accumulation is expected to double by 2050 if there is no firm policy for plastic waste which will result in environmental and ecosystem pollution.
Seeing the low level of waste management in the country, Octopus Ceo and Co-founder, Moehammad Ichsan created the Octopus application which allows users to deposit used packaging for recycling. Users, with the main target being young people who are already concerned about the environment, will receive rewards such as discounted vouchers when buying contemporary coffees.
"The application for collecting used packaging is growing rapidly in line with the increasing public awareness of the environment, especially the systematic use of waste production," said Moehammad Ichsan during the webinar on Innovative Solutions and Public Private Partnerships in the Implementation of a Circular Economy, Monday (5/7).
Furthermore, Ichsan said that currently Octopus has 3 mobile apps, namely for users (consumers), conservationists (waste collectors), and waste production businesses (checkpoints). These three applications have worked very well together, so that over the last 6 months, Octopus has managed to collect 9.9 million waste products from users. To be proud of, one of the Octopus conservationists earned an income of 10.4 million rupiah in one month in October 2020.
“With this reason we want to start innovating from eastern Indonesia. Regarding how the waste that is consumed does not run into the trash or is thrown away, but can be a driving force for the recycling industry that can increase circular economy activities," said Ichsan.
According to him, Octopus is a circular economy ecosystem that can be a solution to the waste problem in Indonesia, we help the industry get better recycled materials, help scavengers get better jobs, and even help standardize the price of recycled materials in every city, everybody is happy, it's a win-win solutions.
“Currently Octopus Indonesia has 35 thousand application users, 1.600 collection partners and a waste bank where Conservationists deposit the transported waste. The Octopus application is now available in the cities of Makassar, Badung (Bali), Gianyar (Bali), Denpasar, and will soon be available in Bandung," explained Ichsan.
Still in the same event, the CEO of PT Reciki Solusi Indonesia, Bhima Aries Diyanto said that waste management must be maximized and provide benefits to the community. For this reason, it is necessary to find a more optimal solution so that the amount of waste can be controlled and bring greater benefits.
Bima explained that the waste from residents and offices that was previously taken directly to the TPA is now processed at the TPST. “The collected waste is sorted, namely organic waste and plastic waste. The organic waste is then recycled into compost which will be distributed to the community free of charge. Meanwhile, plastic waste is separated into high value and low value waste that can still be recycled, while the rest that cannot be processed goes to the TPA,” he said.
You need to know, PT Reciki Solusi Indonesia operates the largest Integrated Waste Processing Site (TPST) My Responsibility My Responsibility (Samtaku) in East Java. The TPST was built in Tambakrigadung Village, Lamongan District, Lamongan Regency on an area of 5500 square meters and is able to accommodate 60 tons of waste per day. Run by seven people under the management of PT Reciki Solusi Indonesia, this facility is able to serve customers consisting of 15000 families and offices in the Lamongan industrial area.
Since operating from May to August 2020, the TPST has been able to reduce the rate of waste going to the Tambak Rigadung Final Disposal Site (TPA) in Tambak Rigadung, Lamongan District and Dadapan, Solokuro District by 18%. Before the TPST operates, 152.38 tons of waste is sent to the TPA. Then after the TPST operates, the volume of waste will be 106.46 tons from May to August.